What are the symptoms of in-situ breast cancer?
Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women in the United States. Early detection and treatment are key to successful outcomes, and it's important to know the signs and symptoms of in-situ breast cancer. In-situ breast cancer is a form of non-invasive breast cancer, meaning it's still contained within the milk ducts and hasn't spread to other parts of the body. Here's a comprehensive guide to recognizing the symptoms of in-situ breast cancer.
What are the Symptoms of In-Situ Breast Cancer?
The most common symptom of in-situ breast cancer is a lump or area of thickening in the breast that can be felt by the patient or a doctor. This is often the first sign of the disease. Other symptoms may include a change in the size or shape of the breast; a change in the texture of the skin on the breast or nipple, such as puckering or dimpling; redness or scaling of the skin on the breast; a nipple that turns inward; or a discharge from the nipple. Any of these symptoms should be reported to your doctor immediately.
Diagnosing In-Situ Breast Cancer
If you have any of the symptoms of in-situ breast cancer, your doctor will likely order a number of tests to confirm the diagnosis. These tests may include a breast exam, mammogram, ultrasound, MRI, or biopsy. If a biopsy is needed, it may be done in the doctor's office or in a hospital. The results of the biopsy will determine if the cancer is in-situ or if it has spread to other parts of the body.
Treating In-Situ Breast Cancer
Treatment for in-situ breast cancer depends on the type and stage of the cancer. The most common treatments are surgery to remove the cancer, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. In some cases, chemotherapy may also be recommended. Your doctor will discuss your treatment options with you and help you make the best decision for your individual situation.
Recognizing the symptoms of in-situ breast cancer is key to early detection and treatment. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, be sure to talk to your doctor. With the right treatment, in-situ breast cancer can be successfully managed.
In-situ breast cancer, also known as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), is a type of non-invasive breast cancer. Non-invasive means it has not spread outside of the milk ducts in the breast. DCIS is the most common type of non-invasive breast cancer and makes up about 20% of all breast cancers in the United States. It is important for all women to be aware of the early warning signs of in-situ breast cancer.
There are generally no signs or symptoms of in-situ breast cancer. The only way to detect it is through a mammogram. If a mammogram does detect in-situ breast cancer, it usually appears as tiny calcium deposits or “calcifications.” The calcifications are usually too small to be felt during a physical exam. However, in some cases, a lump or mass may be felt.
It is important for all women to be aware of the early warning signs of in-situ breast cancer. If you experience any of the following symptoms, be sure to talk to your doctor right away:
- A lump or mass in the breast
- Nipple discharge
- Changes in the size or shape of the breast
- Pain or tenderness in the breast
In-situ breast cancer is generally very treatable. Early detection is key to successful treatment and increased survival rates. Be sure to talk to your doctor if you experience any of the warning signs.